All you need to know about Molybdenum Mineral Nutrient

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All you need to know about Molybdenum Mineral Nutrient

Molybdenum is a trace mineral and stored in liver, kidney, glands, lungs, spleen, skin, muscles and bone. Total-body molybdenum (Mo) content is only about 7 mg. About 90% of the molybdenum eaten in foods is eliminated by the body through the urine therefore it is important to consumer necessary requirement through diet.

Physiological Function of Mineral Nutrient Molybdenum

As a trace mineral molybdenum plays a number of roles in the body.Molybdenum

  • Reduces sulfite sensitivity and thereby helps in asthma, edema, shortness of breath, dermatitis
  • Supports kidney function
  • Supports development of nervous system
  • Supports activation of food processing enzymes
  • Counters Copper and can be used successfully to increase excretion through urine in people with Copper toxicity. It is effective in treatment of Wilson’s disease.
  • Reduces the side effects of certain cancer drugs on the lungs and heart.
  • Promotes normal cell function

Causes of Deficiency of Mineral Nutrient Molybdenum

Molybdenum deficiency is caused due to low intake of food containing the mineral and malabsorption.

Health concerns due to Molybdenum deficiency

Molybdenum deficiency may result into the following health concerns:

  • Sulfur Metabolism irregularities
  • Mental disturbance
  • Coma

Assessment of Molybdenum Mineral Status

To assess the sufficiency of Molybdenum mineral status direct markets are not very useful and it is found in very small qty. Therefore functional biomarkers that represent Molybdenum deficiency are:

  • Decreased urinary levels of sulfate
  • Elevated sulfite, hypoxanthine and xanthine in uric acid

Direct Markers: Hair

Biomarkers: Elevated Xanthine, Uric acid ratio, Urinary Sulfate

Supplementation of Molybdenum

Children 2-12 years: 20-200mcg

Adult male: 50-400mcg

Adult female: 50-400mcg

Best or most Bio-Available or Active form of Molybdenum Supplement

Supplemental molybdenum is available chelated to metabolic acids such as picolinate and citrate. Ammonium or sodium molybdate are other commonly used forms. All these forms are bioavailable.

Dietary Source of Dietary Molybdenum

Dietary Molybdenum can be obtained from Beans, nuts, grains, green leafy vegetables, milk, cheese, cereal grains, legumes, and organ meats. The amount in plant-derived foods depends on the soil content in the growing area. Molybdenum is also present in water in varying amounts.

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