All you need to know about Manganese Mineral Nutrient

Manganese is an important mineral nutrient for human health, being absolutely necessary for development, metabolism, and the antioxidant system. The average adult contains 10 to 12 mg total-body manganese (Mn).

In a human body Manganese is primarily concentrated in tissues requiring high energy including brain, and also found in liver, pancreas and kidney.

Manganese is a cofactor for enzymes involved in metabolism of amino acids, lipids and carbohydrates. Manganese-dependent enzyme families include oxidor eductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases and ligases. Examples of manganese-containing enzymes are arginase, glutamine synthase and mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (referred to as SOD2 or MnSOD).

Physiological Function of Mineral Nutrient Manganese

Physiological function of Mineral nutrient Manganese are:

  • Supports immune function
  • Regulation of blood sugar
  • Cellular energy reproduction
  • Supports digestion
  • Supports bone growth
  • Protects from oxidative challenge
  • In combination with vitamin K supports blood clotting and hemostasis.

Causes of Deficiency of Mineral Nutrient Manganese

Manganese is readily available in our food sources such as whole grains, nuts, and seeds. However Manganese deficiency is becoming common nowadays due to increasing consumption processed foods such as pasta, pizza etc. which do not carry sufficient amount of Manganese. Manganese deficiency could result due to

  • Decreased Intake of food rich in Magnesium
  • Increase intake of processed grains
  • Malabsorption in the GI

Health concerns due to Manganese deficiency

Manganese deficiency in human body mar contribute towards infertility, bone malformation, Hypercholesterolemia, weight loss, weakness, and seizures.

Assessment of Manganese Mineral Status

RBC Manganese, BUN, Urinary ammonia markers, Arginine/omithine ratio

Supplementation of Manganese

Chilldren 2-12 years: 1-10mg

Adult male: 5-13mg

Adult female: 5-13mg

Best or most Bio-Available or Active form of Manganese Supplement

Sulfate, lactate, succinate, gluconate and citrate salts

Dietary sources of Manganese

Manganese is a mineral that is found in several foods including nuts, legumes, seeds, tea, whole grains, and leafy green vegetables.

AUTHOR Anupama Singh

I am the founder of Vitsupp and have a bachelors in engineering. My family suffers from every lifestyle disease you can think of. Heart disease, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, hypothyroidism . . you name it and some one in my family has it. Trying to save myself and my family from our genetic disposition, I learnt much about nutrition, exercise and lifestyle diseases. Certificate in "Diabetes – The Essential Facts" by University of Copenhagen

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